Germinating cannabis seeds is a magical moment that is much more than simply tossing them into a pot with soil. This is an important procedure to give life to beautiful flowers through the process of germination.
There are several amazing techniques to do this, but you need a bit of skill to get it right. Here is how you can germinate cannabis seeds most effectively to guarantee a successful harvest by the end of the process.
Choose the Right Species
The first step to germinate cannabis seeds is to pick the right species you want to grow. Cultivating cannabis is an art form, and there are several strains that offer therapeutic benefits.
Think about why you want to grow cannabis before picking the best strain. In the United States, it is common to grow a mixture of Sativas, Indicas, or Hybrids.
These have their own desired effects to help you determine what you are looking for and how much space you have, either indoors or outdoors, to grow them.
Some strains are better than others when it comes to achieving therapeutic or pleasure goals. Strains that are packed with CBD are generally preferred to ease seizures or anxiety.
The ones rich in THC have a powerful psychoactive effect that most people use more recreationally than medicinally. However, strains with THC can also help with the treatment of depression or chronic pain.
Find a Balance
Finding the best balance between THC and CBD is crucial because they both synergize the body. They can work effectively on their own or as a hybrid to accentuate their positive and healing qualities.
These minimize each other’s negative effects. If you or a customer do not prefer feeling too “high” with a THC strong strain, you can mix it with CBD to counter those euphoric effects.
Before germinating cannabis seeds, think about the way the plant will smell as it grows. If you are growing at home, you may want to harvest those that do not bother your senses.
The smell matters because cannabis plants take a fair bit of time to grow, so you may want to be careful about the smell if you are keeping them at home in an enclosed space.
The Cultivation Period
The cultivation period for cannabis plants depends on their genetics. Some have longer flowering periods, while others are shorter. This is an essential factor when it comes to deciding which one you want to grow.
For instance, dominant Sativa plants may not be the best to grow indoors. They have a much longer flowering period and can also grow quite tall. For indoor growth, this can be challenging.
After deciding the right species that you want to grow, germinating ensures control and care for your seeds. You can grow them naturally in the ground like other plants if you live in an area with the right heat, light, and climate. However, it is always ideal to put a little science into the process to guarantee the healthiest and most beautiful plants.
Step 1: Find a Clean Workspace
The first step to germinating cannabis seeds is to find the right growth area. You will need to clean any surfaces where you are planning to work. It is also advised to wash your hands thoroughly before handling any cannabis seeds.
Use some disinfectant wipes to clean down any plates, glasses, and countertops that you will place your seeds on. Proper hygiene is critical for growing healthy buds.
Step 2: Separate Your Seeds
After cleaning your workspace, the next step is to separate the seeds. You should examine the condition of the seeds you want to use to ensure that they are right for planting.
The best seeds should be dark brown in color and ripe with a slightly light tinge on the outside. The seeds should also be hard when you touch them. If you find a green seed, you should remove this from your seed bank because it has not matured fully yet.
Any seeds that are white in color or brittle will be too dry, so you should also avoid using them. To help you figure out the best seeds to germinate, squeeze them gently with your fingers. If any of them break or turn soft, you should throw them away.
Step 3: Identify Your Seeds
Many people buy the most common pack of seeds to germinate. These will be a mix of both female and male plants, which makes them especially useful for crossbreeding and creating some new strains.
You will only figure out the sex of a regular seed after planting, which is why these should immediately be germinated first so you can determine their reproductive organs during the flowering phase.
If they are males, you will have to discard them. The reason for this is that they do not produce any buds and can pollinate the female plants. Then you will have some sown flowers that will ruin the harvest.
There are many perks of using regular seeds. They are much cheaper and ideal if you are a beginner experimenting with the germination and growth process. These seeds are great for making mistakes rather than investing in pricy ones.
You can also use them to cross between strains and have a lot of variable genetics. However, you may get a lower yield with cheaper seeds compared to the more advanced types, and you may waste away male plants.
This is a risk because depending on the climate you are growing in. All the plants could turn out to be males. Then you need to scrap them and start the entire process from scratch to grow new ones.
Step 4: Understand Your Seed Bank
There are different types of seeds you can start collecting that almost guarantee success. These are feminized seeds or automatic seeds. Alternatively, you can also check out Delta-8 if you are looking for medical cannabis without the anxiety and paranoia that result from the high.
Delta-8 is also the perfect option if you are in a state with a lot of cannabis restrictions and may be nervous about growing and cultivating any regular plants. Hop over to here and find out more.
Feminized seeds lack male chromosomes, so you reduce the risk of having several male plants that you need to throw away. The seeds you plant will produce plenty of amazing flowers, and the male plants will not ruin your harvest.
This is essential because the male plants can pollinate your entire crop. Then the female plants focus all their growth on producing more seeds instead of the buds you want to harvest.
Feminized seeds are expensive for a good reason and worth buying if you are serious about growing tons of plants. Automatic seeds grow faster, so you can harvest the plants more quickly in under 3 months from the time these seeds go into your soil.
These are much easier to look after and grow well even if you live in a place with low light or long winters. However, they are less powerful than feminized seeds and can be just as expensive.
Step 5: Soak Your Seeds in Water
Like any other plant seeds, your marijuana ones need heat, air, and water to grow. Sinking them in water can cause them to break. It can take up to 72 hours before you see the seeds split and produce a root.
The most effective way to do this carefully is by placing them in wet paper towels. This is the most common bean sprout method that guarantees success.
Alternatively, you can also use a glass with a little water and dip the seeds inside. Leave them in the cup for a day in a ventilated and dark place. A cupboard is the best environment to store your glass in to make sure the seeds can sprout uninterruptedly.
At the end of 24 hours, the seeds should be at the bottom of your glass. If this does not happen automatically, then you can gently tap them with your finger to help them sink.
The ones that refuse to go all the way to the bottom will need to be thrown because they are useless for germination. Separate the bottom seeds from the ones that keep floating.
Step 6: Germinate in Paper Towels
If you want to use this popular method, you will need paper towels, your seeds, and a couple of clean plates. Place the clean paper towels onto a plate with your seeds on the top.
Spread the seeds an inch apart from each other. Do not overcrowd the plate with too many. Soak one or two paper towel sheets in water and use these to cover the seeds on your plate. To create a darker and safer environment, you can use the second plate as a cover to create a protective dome.
Make sure that the temperature in the room is between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. If this is room temperature in your home, then that is perfect. Otherwise, you may need to adjust the thermostat to fix the temperature, especially for the room you will be storing the seeds in.
Step 7: Monitor Your Cannabis Seeds
The paper towels you put on top as a cover should consistently be moist. Keep checking on these throughout the day. If you notice that the sheets have gotten dry, you can use a water spray to gently add more moisture.
This will keep your seeds happy so they can sprout successfully. Some seeds may take longer than others to germinate. You may notice a thick white root shooting out of a couple of seeds within a few hours, while others may take a few days.
If a few seeds have germinated well so far, you can separate them from the others for planting when you notice the little bud emerging from them. Put the remaining ones back in the dark cupboard for a bit longer in case more can germinate. After a few days, you can throw away the ones that did not sprout at all.
Will the Cannabis Seeds Germinate Well?
You should always have an open mind when germinating cannabis seeds and prepare for the worst outcome. Growing plants can be unpredictable unless you have a lot of experience. When you grow any seeds, whether they are cannabis or not, a certain percentage will refuse to germinate.
This is always part of the process, which you should be ready to accept. Be ready for some of them to die and not sprout at all. Even a quarter of the ones you put in the soil can fail.
What to Do After Germination
When your seeds have germinated, and you are happy with the results, it is time to plant them into the earth and let mother nature work her magic. When you lay the seeds into the pots, cover them lightly so that they do not receive sunlight.
You should also not sink them too deep into the soil, or else they will struggle to rise above the surface. You should move the seedlings into a larger pot when you see a stem and leaves growing above the soil. Avoid overwatering the soil. Remember that it only needs to be moist to prevent the plant from drowning.
Store Leftover Seeds
Any seeds that you have not used and are still worth germinating in the future should be stored in a cool and dry place. You can keep them in a drawer or back in the cupboard until you want to germinate them.
Make sure the storage room does not have a lot of temperature change. If you plan on keeping these for a few months, use Ziploc bags or a glass jar. This will create an airtight seal to keep them safe and in working condition.
Avoid putting the seeds in the freezer to stay cool. This will ruin their viability when you eventually thaw them for growing.
Enjoy The Learning Experience
Germinating cannabis seeds is an exciting process that can be a lot of fun. Even though it takes some practice, you will feel satisfied seeing the buds grow into gorgeous plants.
Remember to store the seeds carefully because they can last several years if you do it right. If you found this blog useful, head to our website for more fun tips.